According to the National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:
• In the United States, one of every three people 65 years and older falls each year.
• 60 percent of seniors fall in their own homes.
• Older adults are hospitalized for fall-related injuries five times more often than they
are for injuries from other causes.
• Of those who fall, 20-30% suffer moderate to severe injuries that reduce mobility
and independence, and increase the risk of premature death.
20 Tips for Fall Prevention
1. Make sure you have an annual medical check-up.
2. Make sure you have an eye examination at least once a year.
3. Have a pharmacist or physician review your medications to reduce interactions or side effects that might impede alertness and balance.
4. Install grab bars in the appropriate places.
5. Replace the toilet with a higher toilet and/or install handrails or invest in a raised commode with side handles.
6. Store eye glasses within easy reach of the bed.
7. Arrange furniture so that outlets are available without the use of extension cords
8. Wear proper footwear. Shoes, boots and slippers should provide good support and have good soles. Avoid loose slippers or stocking feet.
9. Add a strip along the edge of each step in a contrasting color to make it easier to see or use reflective anti-skid treads.
10.Keep items often used in cabinets easily reached without using a step stool.
11.Exercise regularly to increase strength, flexibility and improve balance.
12.Eliminate tripping hazards in the home such as throw rugs and clutter.
13.Improve lighting in all rooms, including night-lights along walkways.
14.After a shower or bath, wipe up water immediately to prevent slipping. Use non-slip mats in the bathtub and on the shower floor.
15.Utilize a shower seat or bench and a hand-held shower head to you can shower without tiring.
16.Make sure the hand rails of all stairs are sturdy. Make sure to use them.
17.Use a portable commode near the bed to eliminate nighttime trips to the bathroom.
18.If needed, use walking aids and other safety devices for extra safety.
19.Post emergency numbers in a convenient place or use a personal response system.
20.Store heavy items in lower cupboards for the client to access easily.